State structure

  • Political system: Federal parliamentary democracy
  • Head of State: H.M. King Philippe
  • Head of Government: Alexander De Croo - Prime Minister
  • National Motto: Unity makes strength
  • National Anthem: The Brabançonne
  • Flag: Three vertical bands of black, yellow and red
  • National Day: 21 July
  • Regions: Flemish Region, Walloon Region and Brussels-Capital Region
  • Communities: Flemish Community, French Community and German-speaking Community
  • Provinces: 10 - Walloon Brabant, Flemish Brabant, Namur, West Flanders, East Flanders, Liège, Limbourg, Hainaut, Antwerp, Luxembourg
  • Municipalities: 581 Belgian municipalities
     

  

 
Geography

  • Capital: Brussels
  • Surface area: 30,688 Km²
  • Maritime territory: 3,4542 km² of the North Sea
  • Population density: 374 inhabitants/km² (2020)
  • Major cities: Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi, Liège, Brussels
  • Rivers: Meuse, Escaut, Yser
  • High point: 694m - Signal de Botrange
  • Adjacent countries: France, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg
  • Time zone: GMT + 1 hours and GMT + 2 hours in summer
     

  

 
Population

  • Population: 11,492,641 inhabitants
  • Geographic distribution: 57.7% of inhabitants in Flanders, 31.7% in Wallonia and 10.6% in the Brussels-Capital Region (2020)
  • Breakdown by age bracket: 20.1% aged between 0 and 17 years, 60.7% between 18 and 64, 19.2% aged 65 and over (2020)
  • Life expectancy: 84 for women and 79,6 for men (2019)
  • Foreign population: 1,426,651foreign nationals, which is 12.4 % of the total residential population (2020)
  • Official languages: Dutch, French, German
     

  

 
Economy

  • Currency: Euro
  • GDP: € 473.1 billion (in 2019)
  • Breakdown of GDP: 69.7% services, 15% industry, 10.8% various, 4.8% construction, 0.6% agriculture/fishing(2020)
  • Employment (people aged 20 to 64 years): 69% (1° trimestre 2021)
  • Average monthly salary: €3,627gross (full time private sector 2018)
  • Unemployment: 6,7% of the active population (1° trimester 2021)
     

  

(Figures at 1st January 2018 - Sources: www.statbel.fgov.be)

 

 

 

Information about Belgium