State structure

  • Political system: Federal parliamentary democracy
  • Head of State: H.M. King Philippe
  • Head of Government: Charles Michel - Prime Minister
  • National Motto: Unity makes strength
  • National Anthem: The Brabançonne
  • Flag: Three vertical bands of black, yellow and red
  • National Day: 21 July
  • Regions: Flemish Region, Walloon Region and Brussels-Capital Region
  • Communities: Flemish Community, French Community and German-speaking Community
  • Provinces: 10 - Walloon Brabant, Flemish Brabant, Namur, West Flanders, East Flanders, Liège, Limbourg, Hainaut, Antwerp, Luxembourg
  • Municipalities: 589 Belgian municipalities
     

  

 
Geography

  • Capital: Brussels
  • Surface area: 30,528 Km²
  • Maritime territory: 3,4542 km² of the North Sea
  • Population density: 377 inhabitants/km²
  • Major cities: Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi, Liège, Brussels
  • Rivers: Meuse, Escaut, Yser
  • High point: 694m - Signal de Botrange
  • Adjacent countries: France, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg
  • Time zone: GMT + 1 hours and GMT + 2 hours in summer
     

  

 
Population

  • Population: 11,376,070 inhabitants
  • Geographic distribution: 57.6% of inhabitants in Flanders, 31.9% in Wallonia and 10.5% in the Brussels-Capital Region
  • Breakdown by age bracket: 20.2% aged between 0 and 17 years, 61.0% between 18 and 64, 18.7% aged 65 and over
  • Life expectancy: 83.7 for women and 79 for men
  • Foreign population: 1,357,556 foreign nationals, which is 11.9 % of the total residential population
  • Official languages: Dutch, French, German
     

  

 
Economy

  • Currency: Euro
  • GDP: € 437.2 billion (in 2017)
  • Breakdown of GDP: 68.8% services, 15% industry, 10.8% various, 4.8% construction, 0.6% agriculture/fishing
  • Workforce structure: 46% services, 23% commerce, 20% industry, 11% construction
  • Average price of building plots: €102.6/m²
  • Employment (people aged 20 to 64 years): 68.5%
  • Average monthly salary: €3,445 gross
  • Unemployment: 7.1 % of the active population
     

  

(Figures at 1st January 2018 - Sources: www.statbel.fgov.be)

 

 

 

Information about Belgium